Guru Nanak Jayanti, also known as Gurpurab, commemorates the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. Celebrated with great fervor, Guru Nanak Jayanti typically falls in either October or November, depending on the lunar calendar.
History Of Guru Nanak Jayanti:
Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born in 1469 in the town of Nankana Sahib, now in present-day Pakistan. His teachings formed the foundation of Sikhism, emphasizing the oneness of God, equality, and social justice. Guru Nanak’s life was marked by spiritual enlightenment, and he undertook extensive journeys, known as Udasis, spreading his message of compassion and devotion.
Significance Of Guru Nanak Jayanti:
Guru Nanak stressed the concept of Ik Onkar, emphasizing the belief in one supreme, formless God. This foundational principle is central to Sikh philosophy. Guru Nanak advocated for equality among all individuals, regardless of caste, creed, or gender. His teachings emphasized the dignity of every human being and the importance of selfless service. Guru Nanak established the three pillars of Sikhism – Naam Japna (meditating on God’s name), Kirat Karni (honest living and earning), and Vand Chakna (sharing with others). Gurpurab is marked by Sikhs engaging in selfless service to the community. Langar, a free community kitchen, is organized where people of all backgrounds come together to share a meal, fostering unity and humility. The celebration includes reading and recitation of Gurbani (teachings from the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism) and Kirtan (devotional singing). Gurdwaras, Sikh temples, are illuminated and adorned to mark the occasion.
Guru Nanak Jayanti serves as a reminder of the values Guru Nanak propagated, inspiring Sikhs and others to live a life of compassion, equality, and devotion to God. The festivities create an atmosphere of communal harmony, where people from diverse backgrounds join in the celebration, fostering understanding and respect for all.